On one hand, we feel God to be very near; on the other, as we see, He is very distant.
We call Him Father.
We also call Him "Ein Sof" (Infinite).
Actually, I need both these, especially when I am concerned with the question of Divine Providence.
For whenever I move something — even to the slightest degree—it has a reason and a result.
As the Tzadik said, lifting up a handful of sand and letting it run out through his fingers: "He who does not believe that every one of these particles returns exactly to the place that God wishes, is a heretic."
Another image, attributed to the Baal Shem Tov, says that sometimes a great storm comes, hurls everything about, and causes the trees to shake violently so that the leaves fall.
One such leaf may drop close to a worm, and it was for this the whole world was in a furor—that a worm may eat of a certain leaf.
This, then, is the aspect of personal Providence.
God's word activates and changes the world all the time; at every moment there is a totally new state of affairs.
Whether a microbe or a galaxy, all are equally part of this and are in the same proportion to Him.
This means that God is close to us without ceasing; nothing can occur without Him.
To be sure, it includes the bad as well as the good.
–Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz
From The Sustaining Utterance by Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz